Despite the long association of organohalogen compounds with human activities, nature is the producer of nearly 5,000 halogen-containing chemicals. Once dismissed as accidents of nature or isolation artifacts, organohalogen compounds represent an important and ever growing class of natural products, in many cases exhibiting exceptional biological activity. Since the last comprehensive review in 1996 (Vol. 68, this series), there have been discovered an additional 2,500 organochlorine, organobromine, and other organohalogen compounds. These natural organohalogens are biosynthesized by bacteria, fungi, lichen, plants, marine organisms of all types, insects, and higher animals including humans. These compounds are also formed abiogenically, as in volcanoes, forest fires, and other geothermal events.In some instances, natural organohalogens are precisely the same chemicals that man synthesizes for industrial use, and some of the quantities of these natural chemicals far exceed the quantities emitted by man.
Progress in Heterocyclic Chemistry (PHC), Volume 28 is an annual review series commissioned by the International Society of Heterocyclic Chemistry (ISHC). Volumes in the series contain both highlights of the previous year’s literature on heterocyclic chemistry and articles on new and developing topics of particular interest to heterocyclic chemists. The highlight chapters in Volume 28 are all written by leading researchers and constitute a systematic survey of the important original material reported in the literature of heterocyclic chemistry during 2015. Additional articles in this volume include Semi-conjugated Heteroaromatic Rings and beta-Lactam Chemistry. As with previous volumes in the series, Volume 28 will enable academic and industrial chemists, and advanced students, to keep abreast of developments in heterocyclic chemistry in a convenient way. Recognized as the premiere review of heterocyclic chemistry Includes contributions from leading researchers in the field Provides a systematic survey of the important 2015 heterocyclic chemistry literature Presents articles on new and developing topics of interest to heterocyclic chemists
Of the myriad of heterocycles known to man, the indole ring stands foremost for its remarkably versatile chemistry, its enormous range of biological activities, and its ubiquity in the terrestrial and marine environments. The indole ring continues to be discovered in natural products and to be employed in man-made pharmaceuticals and other materials. Given the enormous resurgence in indole ring synthesis over the past decade — highlighted by the power of transition metal catalysis — this authoritative guide addresses the need for a comprehensive presentation of the myriad of methods for constructing the indole ring, from the ancient to the modern, and from the obscure to the well-known. ...
This is the 19th annual volume of 'Progress in Heterocyclic Chemistry', which covers the literature published during 2006. As with previous volumes in the series, Volume 19 will enable the reader to keep abreast of developments in heterocyclic chemistry in an effortless way.
Richard J. Sundberg Electrophilic Substitution Reactions of Indoles Tara L.S. Kishbaugh Reactions of Indole with Nucleophiles Erin Pelkey Metalation of Indole Jie Jack Li ∙ Gordon W. Gribble Metal-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions for Indoles Jeanese C. Badenock Radical Reactions of Indole Fariborz Firooznia ∙ Robert F. Kester ∙ Steven J. Berthel [2+2], [3+2] and [2+2+2] Cycloaddition Reactions of Indole Derivatives Robert F. Kester ∙ Steven J. Berthel ∙ Fariborz Firooznia [4+2] Cycloaddition Reactions of Indole Derivatives Jonathon S. Russel Oxindoles and Spirocyclic Variations: Strategies for C3 Functionalization Liangfeng Fu Advances in the Total Syntheses of Complex Indole Natural Products
Palladium chemistry, despite its immaturity, has rapidly become an indispensable tool for synthetic organic chemists. Heterocycles are of paramount importance in the pharmaceutical industry and palladium chemistry is one of the most novel and efficient ways of making heterocycles. Today, palladium-catalyzed coupling is the method of choice for the synthesis of a wide range of biaryls and heterobiaryls. The number of applications of palladium chemistry to the syntheses of heterocycles has grown exponentially. These developments highlight the need for a monograph dedicated solely to the palladium chemistry in heterocycles and this book provides a comprehensive explanation of the subject. The p...
Progress in Heterocyclic Chemistry (PHC) is an annual review series commissioned by the International Society of Heterocyclic Chemistry (ISHC). Volumes in the series contain both highlights of the previous year’s literature on heterocyclic chemistry and articles on emerging topics of particular interest to heterocyclic chemists. The chapters in Volume 21 constitute a systematic survey of the important original material reported in the literature of heterocyclic chemistry in 2008. Additional articles in this volume review "Biocatalytic approaches to chiral heterocycles" and "Ring-expanded (‘fat’) purines and their nucleoside/nucleotide analogues as broad-spectrum therapeutics." As with previous volumes in the series, Volume 21 apprises academic/industrial chemists and advanced students of developments in heterocyclic chemistry in a convenient format. * Covers the heterocyclic literature published in 2008 * Includes specialized reviews * Features contributions from leading researchers in their fields
This book summarizes the state-of-the-art knowledge on naturally occurring organohalogens, of which more than 3700 are documented. The chapters cover all aspects of this field, including the structural diversity and sources of organohalogens, the mechanisms for their formation and biodegradation, the clinical use of dichloroacetate, and the synthesis of the powerful anticancer chlorine-containing cryptophycin. Both biogenic and abiogenic sources of organohalogens are treated, the latter of which include volcanic emissions and abiogenic formation in soil. Halogenation in humans, fungi, and in the ocean are covered in separate chapters. Sources and biosynthesis of the relatively rare natural organofluorines are also discussed in this volume. By better understanding of the role nature plays in the area of organohalogens, we can more intelligently regulate the production, use, and disposal of man-made organohalogen compounds.
Faculties, publications and doctoral theses in departments or divisions of chemistry, chemical engineering, biochemistry and pharmaceutical and/or medicinal chemistry at universities in the United States and Canada.